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  • 2009-01-13

    动态素描 人体解剖02 - [教程资料和cg]


    Burne Hogarth (December 25, 1911 - January 28, 1996) was an American

    cartoonist, illustrator, educator, author, and theoretician.

    For many decades, he has continued to be an influential teacher and

    visual artist throughout the world best known for his pioneering work on

    the Tarzan newspaper strip and his much-referenced series of anatomy


    Burne Hogarth displayed a talent for drawing early in life. His

    carpenter father saved these first efforts and, some years later,

    presented them and the young Hogarth to the registrar at the Art Center

    of Chicago. Hogarth was accepted, aged 12, and thus began a long formal

    education that took him through such institutions as Crane College and

    Northwestern University in Chicago to Columbia University in New York

    City, all the while studying arts and sciences.

    Hogarth began working at age 15 due to his father’s premature death.

    His time at the Art Center as well as the Fine Arts Academy brought him

    into contact with those in publishing, and it was with newspaper

    syndicates that Hogarth would earn a living, editing and creating

    advertising and panel illustrations in his teens. This work provided

    steady and, by 1929, crucial employment. Additionally, Hogarth’s first

    attempts at drawing a comic strip, Ivy Hemmanhaw (1933), met with some


    As the Depression worsened, and at the urging of friends, Hogarth

    relocated to New York, continuing his work in newspaper illustration and

    editing as well as cartooning, drawing Charles Driscoll’s pirate

    adventure Pieces of Eight (1935). In 1936 came the assignment that was

    to define Hogarth’s illustration career. With Tarzan, Hogarth melded

    classicism, expressionism, and narrative into a new dynamic sequential

    art. He drew the Tarzan Sunday page for twelve years, from 1937 to 1945

    and from 1947 to 1950. This work has been reprinted often, most recently

    by NBM Publishing.

    Almost as long as he was a professional artist, Hogarth was also a

    teacher. Over the years, he was an instructor of drawing to a variety of

    students at a number of institutions and by 1944 Hogarth had in mind a

    school for returning World War II veterans. The Manhattan Academy of

    Newspaper Art was Hogarth’s first formal effort, and by 1947 he had

    transformed it into the Cartoonists and Illustrators School. This

    academy continued to grow, and in 1956 was again renamed, as the School

    of Visual Arts (SVA). It is now the world's largest private institution

    of art. Hogarth designed the curriculum, served as an administrator, and

    taught a full schedule that included drawing, writing, and art history.

    It was in Hogarth's classes that many of the Silver Age of comic books'

    artists learned the advanced drawing techniques that formed a style

    still defining the superhero genre today.

    Hogarth retired from the SVA in 1970 but continued to teach at The

    Parsons School of Design and, after a move to Los Angeles, The Otis

    School and Art Center College of Design in Pasadena. During his years

    teaching, Hogarth authored a number of anatomy and drawing books that

    have become standard references for artists of every sort, including

    computer animators. Dynamic Anatomy (1958) and Drawing the Human Head

    (1965) were followed by further investigations of the human form.

    Dynamic Figure Drawing (1970) and Drawing Dynamic Hands (1977) completed

    the figure cycle. Dynamic Light and Shade (1981) and Dynamic Wrinkles

    and Drapery (1995) explored other aspects relative to rendering the


    After more than 20 years away from strip work and being hailed in Europe

    as "the Michelangelo of the comic strip," Hogarth returned to sequential

    art in 1972 with his groundbreaking Tarzan of the Apes, a large format

    hardbound book published by Watson Guptill in 11 languages. It marks the

    beginning of the sober volume of integrated pictorial fiction, what is

    currently understood to be a graphic novel. He followed with Jungle

    Tales of Tarzan (1976), integrating previously unattempted techniques

    such as hidden, covert, and negative space imagery with Goethe-inspired

    color themes into a harmonious visual description, a pinnacle of

    narrative art. Classes are taught examining the many innovative schemes

    within these two books.

    These texts, in addition to Hogarth’s strip work, exert a pervasive and

    ongoing influence within the global arts community and among delighted

    readers everywhere.

    Hogarth characteristically made an unforgettable personal impact when he

    spoke and lectured. His energetic speeches were well known for

    addressing any topic that was thrown at him with a lengthy string of

    ideas from his fertile mind that could cover the French Revolution and

    amusement parks by way of Postmodernism and Graffiti art meandering

    through economics and globalization only to surprisingly return to an

    enlightened answer to the original question. In his teaching he was

    known for a vigorous and surprising approach, which could include

    instructions such as "paint me this sound: a spider walking on his web -

    what is the music of that sound?"

    He received a great deal of recognition for his work in the U.S.,

    including the National Cartoonist Society Advertising and Illustration

    Award for 1975, Magazine and Book Illustration Award for 1992, and

    Special Features Award for 1974, and dozens of awards internationally.

    He taught, wrote, created, and theorized lucidly and passionately into

    his last days, as for decades he was regularly invited to international

    events, frequently in a starring capacity. Shortly after attending the

    Angoulême International Comics Festival in 1996, Hogarth returned to

    Paris where he suffered heart failure, dying January 28, aged 84.

    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
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    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
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    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
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    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
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    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖
    发件人 动态素描之人体解剖